How Computer Based Online Exams are Conducted
Measuring the results of knowledge imparted to students in all forms of education and training calls for optimized and quantifiable assessments. Assessments have been used for the evaluation process for a very long time, but the pandemic has disrupted the ordinary course institutions used to follow to assess students.
To cater to the threats and vulnerabilities in the education sector, computer-based exams and online exam softwares were introduced to build a solid framework to protect academia from such disruptions. Although computer-based testing does not require as many resources as its forerunner, pen-and-paper testing has revolutionized the way for conducting exams; some issues have crept in regarding its credibility. Thus, the article discusses how compute-based testing is conduct in the current evaluation system.
What is Computer Based Test Conducting?
Computer-based exams are frequently referred to as “online exams,” but there is a slight distinction between the two.
Computer-based exams can be undertaken by using online computer-based test software, as the name implies, using computers. Each student has their computer at the designated centre. On the monitor screen, the exam question paper will be visible. The student must enter the correct responses using either the keyboard, mouse or both. The computer, the student, uses to take the online test is typically referred to as a “client” computer.
A “server” computer linked to the internet is also present. The server computer is in charge of administering the test. The adaptability of computer-based tests is one of their most appealing qualities. It enables the organization to carry out the exams and quickly evaluate the students’ test results and other information.
Unlike offline exams, computer-based exams are a much more secure method of administering exams. Exams taken offline have much more room for error and contain many more unknowns. Contrarily, when adequately administered, computer-based exams can be stress-free and straightforward for the test-taker and the organization issuing the exam.
In the case of online exams, the distinguishing feature is that online exams must be taken successfully with constant and uninterrupted internet access. In contrast, computer-based tests can be administered even without an internet connection. The exam can be taken online without enabling network access, and the results can either be saved locally on the system or transferred online to a web server.
How are Computer-Based Exams Conducted?
The administrative burden of conducting examinations is reduced by CBT, saving time and effort that would otherwise be spent on the time-consuming process of setting up testing centres, printing and distributing exam materials, and other overheads. Some of the advantages which make computer-based exams conduct in the current evaluation system are:
Instant Grading: Select-response exams (such as multiple choice or True/False) can be scored instantly, enabling online instructors to make changes to the curriculum in real time based on assessment results and allowing the learners to see their results right away. This quick grading frees teachers to concentrate on feedback, which is time-consuming and essential for learning. Learners can get assistance and guidance from online instructors or, depending on the assessment’s design, from the evaluation itself about what they should do to improve.
Multiple-Test Administrations: Throughout an e-learning programme, learners can take as many quick and dependable assessments as they like. To measure students against these standards, the information gathered from these assessments can be correlated with national or regional standards. Online courses and instructors can use longitudinal data to identify trends and enhance their curriculum. Most LMSs also make it simple to export these datasets into a database, where they can be examined for evaluation and research needs.
Assessments can be Dynamic And Individualized: It is possible to personalize and cater tests to each learner. Each question’s difficulty level can vary depending on the learner’s prior responses. Utilizing applications like Skype or FaceTime, which enable instructors to connect with students and provide personalized oral exams, can further personalize examinations.
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It Makes Adaptive Testing Possible: Computer-based adaptive testing, as its name suggests, is a sort of testing in which the computer can evaluate a test-taker and adjust the difficulty level of test questions as necessary. For instance, you may stipulate that the laptop must show questions that are harder to answer for each question that is responded to appropriately. It could be necessary for the entity administering the exam to give a database of questions with various difficulty levels for the computer to choose from to conduct adaptive testing.
There’s less room for cheating: Exams administered using a computer give examiners more opportunity to monitor students’ integrity and ensure they don’t commit any exam-related fraud. Online proctoring is a viable option for this. The student must turn on their camera and audio for an online proctored exam. After that, an internet proctor closely supervises them during the exam. As a result, the candidate will be subject to rigorous inspection. The proctor is free to stop a test if they determine that an applicant has engaged in any form of malpractice.
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Ease of taking exams for all: Exams administered using a computer are very adaptive and make things simpler for differently-abled people. As long as a proctor can verify that there is no cheating, they permit them to take tests wherever they feel most comfortable.
Since computer-based exams were introduced, a considerable increase in the number of differently-abled people willing to take exams has been seen. Braille keyboards, magnifying devices, screen readers, voice-to-text, and text-to-voice capabilities are just a few of the extra features that have helped ensure that no impairment will prevent someone from accessing opportunities.
Saves time and effort: Exams that are computer-based significantly reduce the time required from both the test producer and the test taker. The only thing the test creator needs to do is create the questions and the proper solutions, then upload them into the software used to administer the online exam. The software then guarantees that the applicant sees the questions accurately and that the candidate’s responses are evaluated correctly.
The stress of pen-and-paper exams is also lifted, enabling students to do better on their exams.
It has a broader reach: Computer-based Exams have the advantage of reaching a wider audience than exams that are administered in other ways.
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Exams taken on a computer are flexible since users can select the testing location and time frame that best suits them. This is particularly helpful when a pandemic, like Covid, requires many people to take exams from their homes. This feature allowed students to take exams in the convenience of their homes.
The credibility and advantages of computer-based tests in the existing evaluation system are thus made clear by the arguments outlined above. As we can see, computer-based assessments are here to stay and will likely continue to significantly impact the educational landscape. The fact that students now have a more comfortable option for taking tests than in the past will substantially aid the growth of the education sector. Computer-based tests have proven reliable, and shortly, we’ll see a lot more of them.
Writer & Publisher
Manjeet Mehta CEO @Pesofts
Manjeet Mehta is a professional writer and also the CEO @Pesofts, He passes out from IIT Roorkee in the year of 2013 and started their own business with thinking of the growing education sector with the help of technology. You can check out LinkedIn him and follow here LinkedIn